Pages, Marcel J. J.
Text: "Gravitation antiponderale - Effet Magnus electromagnetique."
The Magnus effect is described in terms of the Archimedes principle and applied to a gravitational field. The theoretical possibilities of an anti-gravity device are explored and an 1892 electrostatic experiment is quoted. Revue Francaise d'Astronautique. Organe de la Francaise d'Astronautique (Paris). Nauvelle serie, no. 1967-3, Juillet 1967. p. 5-10.
See Also: Magnus effect, antigravity, propulsion, anomalous phenomena, gravitation, foundations of physics, electrostatic scalar potential.
Dr. Marcel Pages
In 1959, Dr. Marcel Pages proposed a theory
at the International Congress of Satellites and Missiles, wherein gravity is not
caused by the attraction of the Earth, but is caused by the repulsion of the
Cosmos. Accordingly, the force which we call gravitation, he called 'sheer
concentrated protonic energy'.
He supported his theory with a design of
an antigravity machine which liberated itself from the force of gravity by an
electric field rotating at the speed of light around the vehicle. This rotating
field also suppressed mass inertia!
His design principle was tested
successfully on small pieces of mica.
Marcel Pages was one of the leading French
post-war researchers in this field. In French patent 1,253,902 Pages postulated
that a rotating electric current would produce an anti-gravitational effect.
This current was produced by a circulating beam of electrons held in a toroidal
vacuum tube. Dr Jaegu Kim presented experimental confirmation of this in 1994
in a paper in the Journal of the Korean Physical Society.
Future Physics and Antigravity
[ Excerpt ]
A remarkable anti-gravity
effect was observed by Marcel Pages using the experimental arrangement shown in
Figure 7 (17). Two discs of mica of 14 cm diameter, each having a conducting
surface of metal foil, were mounted on the ends of a 14 cm mandrel. The assembly
was supported in equilibrium on a beam balance. When the two discs were charged
oppositely by means of a Wimshurst electrostatic generator, there was a sudden
elevation of the disc assembly. After two minutes the charge would dissipate and
the discs would return to a balances position. For an applied voltage of 200 kV
the observed loss in weight was 5 grams. One might at first suspect the weight
loss to be due to the electrostatic field of the earth, which has an upper limit
near the earth's surface in clear weather of 550 V/m. At maximum charge the
force on one disc due to the earth's maximum field would have been only one
gram. However, the two discs were oppositely charged, so the upward and downward
forces should have balanced. Besides, when both discs were given the same
charge, positive or negative, there was an apparent increase in weight due to
the electrostatic attraction with the framework of the balance. Therefore, it
was concluded that a new field effect of unknown origin has been observed. Other
experiments with a high voltage alternating field also demonstrated a loss of
Later experiments were performed with a single mica disc which
rotated at a high rate when subjected to the high voltage of a Wimshurst
machine, even to the point of lifting off its support when subjected to 300 kV
(18). Pages attributes the greater anti-gravity effect for the rotating disc to
the rotational motion of the electric charge.
Pages theory of gravitation
assumes the existence of a graviton gas which permeates space, where gravitons
are discrete energy packets of gravitational waves, postulated by Dirac. The
protons and electrons of the atoms are bathed in this graviton gas. The weight
of each particle is diminished by the weight of the graviton gas it displaces.
When the electron is orbiting about the proton, as in a hydrogen atom, a
cavitation effect is produced by electron, which in effect gives it a larger
effective volume and thereby reduces its effective weight. As justification for
this hypothesis he notes that the mass of an atom of any element is less than
the sum of the masses of the individual particles comprising the atom. (This
mass deficit in physical theory is attributed to a transformation of mass into
the electrostatic and magnetic energy of the atomic nucleus.) The mass deficit
for nickel, for example, is obtained as follows:
Composition: 28 protons
+ 28 electrons
+ 30 neutrons
Atomic Weight, A.W. = 57.959 kg /
Mass of proton, mp = 1.67252 x 10-27 kg
Mass of electron, me = 9.1091
x 10-31 kg
Mass of neutron, mn = 1.67482 x 10–27 kg
Atom per kmol, NA =
6.02252 x 1026
Synthesizing a kilogram mole of nickel from its component
parts, the mass deficit is seen to be (28mp + 28me + 30mn) NA - A.W. = 0.520
The mass deficit is said to be due to the displacement of the graviton
gas. Accordingly to M.M. Doligez, in his book, "Gravitation", the theoretical
mass of the graviton is 10-60 to 10-80 gram. But the graviton energy density,
according to de Broglie, Bohn and Wigner, is 1027 joules per cubic centimeter,
which, converted to an equivalent mass, is ten million tons per cubic
centimeter. The graviton gas seems to have the properties of a superfluid, as it
offers no resistance to motion. As the electron orbits about the nucleus of the
atom at a velocity of about 200 km/s, only a slight amount of cavitation could
result in an appreciable change in effective mass. Thus, Pages accounts for
antigravity by a reduction in the effective mass through displacement of the
graviton gas, just as the effective weight of a helium balloon is reduced by
increasing its size, thereby increasing the displacement of air.
has obtained French Patent No. 1,253,902 (19) on an "Engine for Cosmic Flight"
which has the shape of a lenticular UFO. It contains a toroidal acceleration
chamber which would have to provide a 3000 ampere electron flow at a velocity of
2.9 x 10 m/s (97 % of light velocity) in a magnetic field of 0.4 T (4000 gauss)
in order to counteract the gravitational attraction for a mass of 1000